As the cyber risk for manufacturing continues to increase, organizations must recognize the evolving threat and develop and deploy solutions that meet those needs. This article will explain some of the most critical components of a cyber-safe manufacturing environment. First, look at TPRM, the ISA Global Security Alliance, and IEC standards, among other topics. Then, let’s look at human error. What’s the biggest challenge to cybersecurity in manufacturing?
TPRM can help manufacturers get a handle on cybersecurity. However, it is a process that requires constant attention, validation of controls, and assessment of third-party risks. It is uniquely positioned to help manufacturers get a handle on cybersecurity. Therefore, it should be viewed as an insurance policy and a business tool that can enhance other risk management and compliance processes. An excellent example of a TPRM tool is ThirdPartyTrust. It automates evaluating a vendor’s cybersecurity capabilities and enables manufacturers to address NIST third-party security requirements. In addition, ThirdPartyTrust is a compliance platform that can be used alongside other risk management tools or as a standalone cybersecurity solution.
Implementing a TPRM program is not easy. First, it requires evaluating the current security posture of your organization and determining whether or not third-party vendors present any security vulnerabilities. Once you have identified which third-party vendors offer a significant cybersecurity risk, you can develop a scalable, efficient TPRM program for each. To streamline monitoring, you can tier vendors based on their criticality and risk assessment requirements. This approach makes monitoring and remediation easier.
ISA Global Security Alliance
ISA Global Security Alliance has five primary goals as an industry leader in cybersecurity. These goals are to increase the level of awareness of cybersecurity, develop an industry-wide framework of standards for security, and provide a common baseline for safeguarding processes and devices. Founded on the ISA/IEC 62443 cybersecurity standards, ISA is working to extend these standards to other industries and verticals. As co-chair of the Alliance, Dragos has worked closely with the group to develop standards and guidance that manufacturers can use to implement an industrial-grade cybersecurity program.
The ISF is a nonprofit organization with member companies, including Fortune 500 and Forbes 2000 firms. Its members focus on knowledge exchange and industry best practices. In 1995, the ISF created the Global Security Alliance, collaborative cybersecurity education and readiness forum. Members of ISAGCA are end-user companies, automation and control systems providers, IT infrastructure providers, and system integrators. The organization’s members work on priority cybersecurity initiatives and contribute to workforce education and certification programs.
IEC standards help manufacturers get a grip on cybersecurity. This certification means you’ll be able to rest easy knowing that you’re meeting the highest level of security. In addition to helping you meet customers’ expectations, IEC 62443 certification means that you can make sure the integrity of cybersecurity is maintained throughout the supply chain. Experts have developed these standards in industrial cybersecurity, so you can rely on their expertise to keep your factory safe.
ISA/IEC standards are designed to help manufacturers handle cybersecurity. They’re developed by the International Society of Automation, which has taken a leadership role in the industry’s cybersecurity community. They’re consensus-based and apply to all sectors. For example, ISA/IEC 62443-4-2 lays out requirements for components at the subsystem level. These standards are intended to help manufacturers identify and protect the most critical assets and needs and identify potential vulnerabilities and security gaps. The standards’ architecture model will help manufacturers maintain business continuity while strengthening the cybersecurity posture of their industrial environment.
In an article published in the ISACA(r) Journal, an expert discusses the dangers of human error in cybersecurity. Cybercrime is often caused by employee mistakes, such as not having the necessary knowledge or training. These are known as knowledge-based or decision-based human errors. Identifying careless employees and taking action to prevent them can help prevent the next Equifax hack. But how can companies ensure that their cybersecurity systems are safe?
While there are various ways in which a human can commit an error, three of the most common causes are environment, opportunity, and lack of awareness. First, a mistake happens when there is an opportunity for something to go wrong. And with so many environmental factors to consider, it’s no wonder that errors can occur. For example, insufficient privacy and distraction can lead to a computer user making a mistake. Lastly, ignoring software updates and downloading compromised software are common human mistakes.
Cybersecurity tabletop exercises are an effective way to increase awareness of organizational vulnerabilities and strengthen security measures. They provide a flexible way to train employees while focusing on a specific security goal. After a tabletop exercise, participants can document their findings and lessons learned and modify their plans as needed. While tabletop exercises are often associated with cybersecurity, they can benefit organizations, not just manufacturers. They are designed to expose weaknesses in an organization’s security measures and ensure that best practices are implemented.
Tabletop exercises can be conducted at different levels, with various roles and procedures used to create a realistic scenario. For example, if the TTX is targeted at technical staff and senior security staff, the Bronze level is a good starting point. The Bronze level team will be highly tactical in organizing a response. For example, it may simulate a cyber attack or an active shooter situation.